1936 bekam der Schweizer Musiker Teddy Stauffer Probleme mit den Nazis in Berlin, weil er schwarze Musik spielte. Die nationalsozialistische Reichsmusikkammer wachte darüber, dass nur systemkonforme Musik gespielt wurde. Jazz und Swing galten als «entartet».
Die Berner brauchen keine Reichsmusikkammer. Sie haben die Brasserie Lorraine. Dort musste der Mundart-Musiker Lauwarm auf Geheiss der Brasserie sein Konzert abbrechen, weil er helle Haut hat und Reggae spielte. Die Brasserie Lorraine ist im Gegensatz zu den Nazis nicht gegen schwarze Musik an und für sich. Aber sie fordert, dass weisse Menschen keine schwarze Musik spielen dürfen.
Leider hat die linksalternative Brasserie keine Ahnung von Musik und deren Geschichte. Hier ein kurzer Nachhilfeunterricht. Reggae entstand in den sechziger Jahren stark beeinflusst von US-amerikanischen Musikstilen wie Soul und Rhythm and Blues. Soul sowie Rhythm and Blues wurden beeinflusst von afrikanischer und europäischer Musik, Gospel und Blues. Auch Elemente der weissen Popmusik und Country wurden aufgegriffen. Apropos Country: Ja, es gibt auch schwarzen Country. Siehe Charley Pride.
Zur Erinnerung: Es gibt Kenianer und Chinesen, die Mozart spielen. Es gibt Italiener, die Blues singen. Und Schweizerinnen, die irische Musik spielen. Der Engländer George Harrison spielte indische Musik. Es gibt Japaner, die jodeln. Frank Sinatra sang Songs von schwarzen Komponisten. Nat King Cole sang Songs von weissen Komponisten. Prince spielte zusammen mit weissen Musikerinnen Funk. Es gibt schwarze Opernsänger.
Musik ist lebendig und vielfältig. Wer erzwingen will, dass Menschen bestimmte Musik nicht spielen dürfen, weil sie die «falsche» Hautfarbe haben, hat Mühe mit kultureller Vielfalt und kulturellem Austausch und handelt rassistisch.
In this video arranger Billy Strange talks about the recording session and the history behind the Nancy Sinatra hit “These Boots Are Made For Walkin'”.
Nancy Sinatra’s “These Boots Are Made For Walkin'” was number 1 50 years ago. “These Boots Are Made For Walkin’,” hit number 1 on Billboard’s and Cash Box’s national singles charts on February 26, 1966. Besides Nancy’s great singing it was Billy Strange’s skills as an arranger and co-producer that made this song immortal.
In 2010 I talked to Billy Strange (1930-2012) for at his home in Franklin, TN, about ”Boots“ and he told me how he came up with the famous sliding bass intro played by Chuck Berghofer and why songwriter and producer Lee Hazlewwod didn’t want Nancy to record ”Boots“. You can watch the interview in the video above.
Billboard’s December 25, 1965 “Spotlight Singles” review of “Boots” recognized the hit potential of the song:
Having hit the Hot 100 chart with her ‘So Long Babe,’ Miss Sinatra has top of the chart potential with this fine folk-rock material from the pen of Lee Hazlewood. Her vocal performance and the Billy Strange driving dance beat should move this one rapidly up the chart.
Billy Strange had a extraordinaire career as a guitarist, singer, recording artist, arranger, conductor, songwriter, composer and producer. He worked with Nat King Cole, Frank Sinatra and Elvis Presley. He also worked as a studio guitarist in Los Angeles in the nineteen fifties and sixties. Here you can find his huge but incomplete discography.
Country-pop singer Jeanne Black, who had a million-selling hit with “He’ll Have To Stay” in 1960, passed away on October 23, 2014 in Orem, Utah — two days shy of her 77th birthday. According to her son Josh Shipley she was suffering from Alzheimer’s.
Jeannie Black was born on October 25, 1937 in Pomona, California.
Her biggest hit “He’ll Have To Stay” was the answer song to Jim Reeves’ “He’ll Have To Go”. It sold over one million copies worldwide. Because she could never repeat this success, she was labeled as “one hit wonder”. But she was more than that. Jeanne Black was a versatile singer with a dramatic talent. She was not only a fine ballad singer, but could also sing western swing, pop, rock ‘n’ roll and even proved that she was able to sing the blues.
All photos in the slideshow were taken between 1956 and early 1960s. (Courtesy of Billy Strange)
From 1956 until 1959 Jeanne Black was part of Cliffie Stone’s radio and TV show “Hometown Jamboree” that broadcasted live from the Harmony Park Ballroom in Anaheim, California. The show paved the way for many country musicians of the west coast. Among others Tennessee Ernie Ford, Zane Ashton (aka Bill Aken), Speedy West and Molly Bee played on Hometown Jamboree.
In 1960 Jeanne Black signed a record contract with Capitol. She worked very close with guitarist Billy Strange. He not only accompanied her on stage and in the music studio, but he was also her arranger and music coach and they became lovers. They parted in the early sixties. Billy Strange became a famous studio musician and arranger in Los Angeles. He worked with stars like Elvis Presley, Frank and Nancy Sinatra and Nat King Cole. He was also a successful song writer and music publisher. After breaking up with Billy Strange, Jeanne Black married Mark Shipley. Together the rose six children and ran community theatres in California and Utah. In 1999 she finally married her early love Billy Strange. They lived together in Franklin, TN until he died in 2012.
In the video Jeanne Black talks about how she and her youngest sister Janie auditioned for Cliffie Stone in 1956 and how she became a singer and recording artist. And while browsing through old issues of country music magazine “Country Song Roundup”, she and Billy share memories and remember the first time they saw Elvis Presley on TV.
This Spotify playlist presents some of the essential songs performed or written by black artists that were covered by the Rolling Stones.
The original songs are presented back to back with the Stone’s covers.
Needless to say that the Stones learned a lot from these songs and built a 50 year career on them.
If you want to dig deeper into songs covered by the Stones, I recommend Gerard Slinkert’s project Undercover. He presents 83 original songs and compares them with the Stone’s version. You can listen to both the originals and the covers.
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